Central American Mixed Forests (NT25) | One Earth

Central American Mixed Forests bioregion

The bioregion’s land area is provided in units of 1,000 hectares. The protection goal is the combined Global Safety Net (GSN1) areas for the component ecoregions. The protection level indicates the percentage of the GSN goal that is currently protected on a scale of 0-10. N/A means data is not available at this time.

  • 36,709
    Total Land Area (1000 ha)
  • 14
    Number of Ecoregions
  • 57%
    Protection Target
  • 1
    Protection Level

The Mixed Forests bioregion, located in the Central America (Neotropical) realm, covers most of Nicaragua, Honduras, El Salvador, and the mountain highlands of southern Guatemala. It consists of a series of complex interlocking tropical biomes – from pine forest/grasslands and moist forests in the east to coniferous and dry forests in the west. The bioregion contains 12 terrestrial ecoregions altogether – Cayos Miskitos-San Andrés and Providencia Moist Forests (449), Central American Atlantic Moist Forests (450), Central American Montane Forests (451), Chiapas Montane Forests (452), Chimalapas Montane Forests (453), Costa Rican Seasonal Moist Forests (458), Sierra Madre De Chiapas Moist Forests (502), Central American Dry Forests (527), Chiapas Depression Dry Forests (528), Central American Pine-Oak Forests (553), Miskito Pine Forests (573), Motagua Valley Thornscrub (605) – and includes extensive mangroves, Mesoamerican Gulf-Caribbean Mangroves (613) and Southern Mesoamerican Pacific Mangroves (617), along both the Caribbean and Pacific coastlines. The total area of this bioregion is over 36 million hectares, not including adjacent marine areas or the massive Lago Cocibolca in the south.

The Central American Mixed Forests bioregion is part of the Central America subrealm and is made up of 14 ecoregions: (1) Southern Mesoamerican Pacific Mangroves (2) Central American Dry Forests (3) Chimalapas Montane Forests (4) Sierra Madre De Chiapas Moist Forests (5) Chiapas Depression Dry Forests (6) Central American Pine-Oak Forests (7) Chiapas Montane Forests (8) Costa Rican Seasonal Moist Forests (9) Motagua Valley Thornscrub (10) Central American Atlantic Moist Forests (11) Central American Montane Forests (12) Miskito Pine Forests (13) Mesoamerican Gulf-Caribbean Mangroves (14) Cayos Miskitos-San Andrés and Providencia Moist Forests.

One Earth is dedicated to mobilizing philanthropic capital to protect the ecosystems and peoples of Central America. Visit the Project Marketplace to explore projects in this realm that need your support. Learn more about each of the Central American Mixed Forests ecoregions below.

Sign up for the One Earth Newsletter

The One Earth Newsletter showcases innovative projects from around the world led by individuals and community organizations who are making the vision of a green, resilient future a reality.

Explore the Global Safety Net

The first global-scale analysis of land areas requiring protection to solve the twin crises of biodiversity loss and climate change, upholding and strengthening Indigenous land rights.

Explore