Galápagos Islands bioregion
- 803Total Land Area (1000 ha)
- 1Number of Ecoregions
- 100%Protection Target
- 10Protection Level
The Galapagos bioregion, located in the Southern America (Neotropical) realm, contains an archipelago of 61 volcanic islands and islands 520 nautical miles off the coast of Ecuador. With its array of plant, animal and marine species, the Galapagos have been listed as a UNESCO heritage site and was the inspiration for Darwin’s theory of evolution. The islands are home to 20 endemic reptiles and the famous Giant Tortoise. The marine biodiversity is equally rich with 20% of species endemic to the region. The bioregion is dominated by one ecoregion – Galápagos Islands Xeric Scrub (601) – but this belies the diversity of plant life present here, with over 500 native plant species, 180 of which are endemic. The land area of this bioregion is approximately 800,000 hectares.
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