Indian Tropical Coastal Forests (IM2) | One Earth

Indian Tropical Coastal Forests bioregion

The bioregion’s land area is provided in units of 1,000 hectares. The protection goal is the combined Global Safety Net (GSN1) areas for the component ecoregions. The protection level indicates the percentage of the GSN goal that is currently protected on a scale of 0-10. N/A means data is not available at this time.

  • 17,703
    Total Land Area (1000 ha)
  • 7
    Number of Ecoregions
  • 36%
    Protection Target
  • 4
    Protection Level

The Indian Tropical Coastal Forests bioregion is located along the western coast of the Indian Subcontinent subrealm in Indomalaya. It contains seven ecoregions – Sri Lanka Lowland Rain Forests [1], Sri Lanka Montane Rain Forests [2], Malabar Coast Moist Forests [3], South Western Ghats Montane Rain Forests [4], South Western Ghats Moist Deciduous Forests [5], North Western Ghats Montane Rain Forests [6], North Western Ghats Moist Deciduous Forests [7] – totaling approximately 17 million hectares of land area and adjacent marine areas. Defined by the long Western Ghats mountain range and adjoining coastline, this bioregion was once dominated by rainforests that thrived in the annual monsoon cycle, which can bring as much as 8 feet of rainfall to the region. While nearly all of the natural forests have been cleared, some pockets remain as sacred groves preserved by local communities. 

The Indian Tropical Coastal Forests bioregion is part of the Indian Subcontinent subrealm and is made up of seven ecoregions: Sri Lanka Lowland Rain Forests [1], Sri Lanka Montane Rain Forests [2], Malabar Coast Moist Forests [3], South Western Ghats Montane Rain Forests [4], South Western Ghats Moist Deciduous Forests [5], North Western Ghats Montane Rain Forests [6], North Western Ghats Moist Deciduous Forests [7].

One Earth is dedicated to mobilizing philanthropic capital to protect the ecosystems and peoples of ​Indomalaya. Visit the Project Marketplace ​to explore projects in this realm that need your support. Learn more about each of the ​Indian Tropical Coastal Forests ecoregions below.

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