South African Cape Shrublands & Mountain Forests bioregion
- 17,833Total Land Area (1000 ha)
- 5Number of Ecoregions
- 31%Protection Target
- 5Protection Level
The South African Cape is the only Mediterranean bioregion in the Afrotropical realm. It is confined to the small southern coastline of the continent and incorporates the succulent Karoo ecoregion, which is tightly interlinked with the dominant shrublands. The bioregion contains five ecoregions – Renosterveld Shrubland , Fynbos Shrubland , Succulent Karoo Xeric Shrublands , Knysna-Amatole Montane Forests , Albany Thickets  – and adjacent marine areas. It is an area of extraordinarily high plant diversity and endemism that includes the Cape Floristic Region, one of only 7 floral kingdoms in the world, with over 9000 plant species, two-thirds of which are endemic. The total land area of this bioregion is nearly 18 million hectares.
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