This project advances global data products and analyses that highlight places facing substantial development expansion and evaluate the implications if development is not adequately managed. It combines for the first time the Human Modification map and Cumulative Development Pressure map to produce a 1-km Development Threat map to characterize lands based on their ecological condition and their exposure to development pressure. The map summarizes development threat patterns by ecoregions, and biomes and protected areas to assess regions and countries that are most vulnerable to future land change and the sectors that may drive such change. This analysis will advance our understanding of the consequences of future land use change and future opportunities for conservation intervention,with implications for various international initiatives, including the Convention on Biological Diversity 2020 Aichi Biodiversity targets, the United Nations 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (esp. Goal 15; Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, 2010), the Bonn Challenge, and the Global Deal for Nature.