Antarctica, one of the world’s eight major biogeographical realms, is made up almost entirely of one single bioregion -- the ice-covered land mass, coastal tundra, and sea ice of the main continent -- which is nearly twice the size of Australia. Most of the continent is too inhospitable for many species to survive, but the Antarctic Peninsula bioregion extending towards South America and including the Scotia sea islands, shelters an abundance of wildlife – an array of seals, whales, and nine species of penguin. The Antarctic realm has two additional island bioregions – a chain of subantarctic islands to the south of the Indian Ocean, and a small group of subantarctic islands just below New Zealand – both of which are critically important as resting and breeding areas for millions of seabirds and thousands of marine mammals
Projects that require funding are identified for each bioregion on the map below. Click a number icon to open the associated project listings.